Communities everywhere still have record climate impacts, from deadly wildfires to devastating storms. These effects will only worsen in the absence of major measures to combat climate change. Fortunately, the world has the plan to respond to science: the Paris Agreement. Nearly four years ago, 195 countries adopted the Paris Agreement, a historic global action plan to combat climate change. The agreement provides the world with a framework for preventing the harmful effects of climate change by limiting global warming to well below 2 degrees Celsius and by leading efforts to limit it to 1.5 degrees Celsius. In addition to the mitigation column of the agreement, the other pillars, Adaptation and Loss – Damage, are also weaknesses, notably L-D. One of the main demands of small island and least developed countries was to recognize the need to find solutions to forced displacement, cross-border migration and relocations planned in response to climate change and sea level rise. There is no longer any reference to this in the agreement, with the exception of an indirect reference to external UN bodies dealing with specific aspects of the DA, in reference to the UN ad hoc working group on climate-related migration. The United States also succeeded in concluding the accompanying decisions of the agreement with an exclusion clause on future liability related to L-D, while the G77 and China were already moving towards a compromise by removing any mention of compensation.
According to U.S. administration negotiators, one of the key conditions for the Obama administration was to ensure that the deal was not rejected by a right-wing Congress. This situation was debatable, given that there is no precedent in international law for such an approach. Imagine being a pedestrian who gets hit by a car and is not able to seek compensation from the driver, however unfair that clause is. www.wri.org/faqs-about-how-paris-agreement-enters-force The Paris Agreement calls for low-carbon development and a transition to clean energy. Achieving the U.S. goal under the agreement will mean continuing the trend of increasing wind, solar and energy efficiency, in line with the majority of Americans who support renewable portfolio standards and the use of clean energy, according to a 2016 post-election poll for the Conservative Energy Network. This is in line with other surveys on the need to move to a cleaner and more energy-efficient economy, as well as the economic, safety and health benefits generated by clean energy. Here, we analyse national performance and it is proven that some countries do better than others in the management of their fisheries, but that the overall performance of virtually all countries is not as good (23, 24). To give an ambitious measure, we have started from a positive, if not realistic, future, where all the fisheries in their MCP will be managed and operated.