Alta Agreement

With regard to Poland, Kanta`s report also states that “the provisional government should be obliged to hold free and unlimited elections as soon as possible on the basis of universal suffrage and secret ballot”. [18] The agreement could not mask the importance of short-term pro-Soviet government control of Lublin and eliminate language calling for supervised elections. [19] French General Charles de Gaulle was not invited to either the Kanta conference or the Potsdam conference, a small diplomatic thing that aroused deep and persistent resentment. [5] De Gaulle attributed his exclusion from Kanta to Roosevelt`s long-standing personal antagonism towards him, although the Soviet Union also challenged his membership as a full participant. But the lack of French representation in Kanta also meant that an invitation to De Gaulle at the Potsdam conference would have been extremely problematic. Leahy, Kanta`s language was so vague that the Soviets would be able to “stretch it all the way from Kanta to Washington without ever breaking it technically.” [20] On March 1, Roosevelt assured Congress: “I come from Crimea with the firm conviction that we have begun on the path to a world of peace.” [23] However, the Western powers soon realized that Stalin would not keep his promise of free elections for Poland. After receiving in London, after Kanta, serious criticism of the atrocities committed by Soviet troops in Poland, Churchill wrote Roosevelt a desperate letter referring to the widespread deportations and liquidation of Poles from the opposition by the Soviets. [23] The 11 Roosevelt Churchill responded by saying, “I certainly agree that we must be firmly committed to a correct interpretation of the decision in Crimea.