Dayton Peace Agreement Summary

Before the agreement, Bosnian Serbs controlled about 46% of Bosnia and Herzegovina (23,687 km2), Bosniaks 28% (14,505 km2) and Bosnian Croats 25% (12,937 km2). The United States yesterday opened Bosnian peace talks in Ohio with a firm commitment that the war crimes charges against Bosnian Serb leaders Radovan Karadzic and General Radko Mladic will not be quashed under any circumstances as part of a possible agreement. It is hardly surprising that such a fundamental disagreement over the nature of the state has a chilling effect on governance. Over the past ten years, the country has deviated. According to World Bank statistics, Bosnia currently has one of the highest youth unemployment rates in the world. Anger and despair fuel even more nationalism, in part because the system is manipulated in this way. It is a machine that maintains itself to produce misery. The only lesson most of the surviving actors of Dayton can agree on is that at such an important moment in history, it was a mistake to treat peace and justice as a substitute. “He ended most of the murder. I don`t think the murder will come back, but you can never be sure. But beyond the end of the war, dayton`s promise proved illusory,” Sacirbey says. I think it was a missed opportunity at best; in the worst case, it was just a ceasefire. The Dayton Accords, a peace agreement concluded on 21 November 1995 by the Presidents of Bosnia, Croatia and Serbia, which ended the war in Bosnia and outlined a general framework agreement for peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina. It retained Bosnia as a single state composed of two parties, the Bosnian-Croat Federation and the Bosnian Serb Republic, with Sarajevo remaining the unshared capital. The only real leverage for the United States is to emphasize that “failure means the resumption of war,” he said.

“They talk about peace, but they don`t show the slightest willingness to compromise. They are hardening their positions in the expectation of very tough discussions. I think we have to start by going back to where we were a few weeks ago. Under a blanket painted at the Elysée Palace, which depicts “the Republic ensures peace,” the presidents of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia and Serbia signed an agreement to stop for nearly four years the worst fighting in Europe since World War II. The agreement is known as the Dayton Agreement, since negotiations took place at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base outside of Dayton, Ohio. The trial was led by Richard Holbrooke, the U.S. chief negotiator, and Secretary of State Warren Christopher. The conference began on 1 November 1995. Bosnian President Alija Izetbegović, Serbian President Milošević, Croatian President Franjo Tudjman and representatives of the United States, the United Kingdom, France, Germany, Italy, Russia and the European Union (EU) met at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, a suburb of Dayton, Ohio, a location chosen to reduce the capacity of participants, on the media and not on the negotiating table. . . .