Stabilization and association agreements are part of the EU Stabilisation and Association Process (PSA) and the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP). At present, the countries of the Western Balkans are at the heart of the PSA. Specific Stabilization and Association Agreements (ASAs) have been implemented with various Balkan countries, which contain explicit provisions for the country`s future accession to the EU. The SAAs resemble in principle the European agreements signed in the 1990s with the countries of Central and Eastern Europe and the association agreement with Turkey. The ASAs rely mainly on the EU`s EU acquis and are based on their enactment in the legislation of the cooperating countries. The political harmonisation expected by the ASA is lower than for EU Member States; Some areas of action of the Community acquis may not fall under a specific ASA. For any technical questions regarding this article or the correction of its authors, titles, summaries, bibliographies or download information, please contact: (Peter Golla). General supplier contact information: www.sciendo.com/services/journals . Please note that it may take several weeks for the corrections to filter out the various RePEc services. In 2005, the EU`s relations with the Western Balkans were transferred from “external relations” to the “enlargement” political segment. From 2015, Albania, Northern Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia will be officially recognised as candidates for membership. Bosnia and Herzegovina and Kosovo are not recognized as candidate countries, but as potential candidates.  If you know the missing items that cite them, you can help us create those links by adding the corresponding references in the same way as above for each reference item.
If you are a registered author of this article, you can also check the “Quotes” tab in your RePEc Author service profile, as some quotes may wait for confirmation. In discussions with countries that have expressed a desire to join the European Union, the EU generally enters into association agreements in exchange for commitments on political, economic, trade or human rights reforms in that country. In return, the country may be offered duty-free access to some or all EU markets (industrial goods, agricultural products, etc.) as well as financial or technical assistance. The agreement with Kosovo was the first to be signed after the Lisbon Treaty came into force, which brought down the EU`s legal personality.   An EU representative in Kosovo stated that “unlike the ASA with other countries in the region, this agreement will be exclusively the EU agreement. The EU will sign them as a legal entity.  The agreement did not have to be ratified individually by each Member State, some of which did not recognize Kosovo`s independence.  The representative added: “Since Kosovo is not recognised by the five Member States, we had to adopt a directive stating that the signing of the agreement will not mean that the EU or any of the countries will recognise Kosovo as a state.”  As of April 2016, the ASA is in force in Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, Northern Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia.